Espuma en aerosol; ¿Es bueno para la insonorización?

Fiberglass used to be the go to insulation material we put in our walls, but nowadays more and more people and resorting to foam alternatives, such as open- and closed-cell spray foam.

In this article, we will be taking a look at how well spray foam does at soundproofing, and we will also be comparing it to fiberglass and rockwool.

But first, there’s one hugely important misconception we need to straighten out…

Insonorización versus absorción acústica

Insonorización es el proceso de aislar o bloquear el sonido, no permitiéndole entrar o salir de una habitación.

Para ello necesitarás utilizar materiales diseñados para no dejar pasar el sonido, como paneles de yeso.

Absorción de sonido Se basa en materiales que absorben bien el sonido, como paneles acústicos, mantas acústicas, etc. para reducir el eco en el interior de una habitación.

Sound absorption, while not being great at soundproofing, will still help with it, which is why you might want to use it in conjunction with sound-blocking materials to achieve the best results, and this is why rockwool, fiberglass, spray foam, etc., are put inside of walls since they help absorb all that sound.

Ahora que eso está fuera del camino, respondamos la pregunta, ¿de acuerdo?

Is spray foam insulation good for soundproofing?

Open-cell foam is generally used for soundproofing homes and buildings since it’s very affordable and has many air pockets inside of it which is quite good for absorbing sound.

Now, even though closed-cell foam is much denser and even forms an air barrier, open-cell is still better at absorbing sounds as well as for soundproofing because it doesn’t transmit vibrations like closed-cell does, and since it expands a lot more than closed-cell foam it also ends up covering a larger surface area, and the thicker the material, the more sound it will absorb.

Spay Foam can be very useful when soundproofing not just because of its acoustic characteristics, but also because it will expand and cover the entire surface with ease, which if you’re trying to insulate oddly-shaped spaces, doing so with Rockwool or Fiberglass will be much harder since you would have to cut it to the exact dimensions.

Additionally, rockwool and fiberglass settle over time and end up leaving a small open space at the top or at the sides, and as we know, insulating for both heat and sound requires every gap, no matter how small, to be completely sealed.

So, spray foam could be considered much more versatile and easy to use than other traditional insulation materials since it will expand and seal every possible hole with ease.

You can read my two articles where I compare spray foam to rockwool and fiberglass here:

It’s worth noting, however, that there are two types of Spray Foam available, which are; Open-Cell and Closed-Cell foam. The difference between the two is that Open-cell foam is lighter & more affordable, while closed-cell foam is heavier & more expensive, as well as a better heat insulation material because it’s better at preventing airflow.

When thinking about soundproofing, open-cell foam is generally better because of its lower cost and ease of installation.

Spray foam vs Fiberglass and Rockwool

Now, according to the Canada NRC Internal Report IRC-IR-693, there doesn’t seem to be a huge difference between fiberglass and spray foam when it comes to noise reduction, which is why open-cell spray foam may be the better alternative since it makes sealing every nook and cranny easier and you won’t have to worry about it settling over time like Rockwool or Fiberglass will, which will end up creating openings for sound to get through.

However, when comparing two 2-by-6 framed walls, one filled with open-cell foam and one with rockwool, and if the walls are properly sealed of course, then there will be a better performance achieved when using rockwool, and at a slightly cheaper price as well.

How much of a difference is there? Well, first we have to learn how sound transmission is measured:

How is Sound Deadening Performance Measured?

How efficiently sound is reduced is measured using the STC rating, or Sound transmission class, which tells us how many decibels the barrier can reduce. So, the higher the rating, the better.

In most scenarios you should be aiming for a rating of 40, which would be a 40dB reduction, since this is generally what it takes to get good enough insulation.

STCque se puede escuchar
25Se puede entender el habla normal.
30Se puede entender el habla en voz alta.
35Habla en voz alta, audible pero no inteligible.
40Habla en voz alta, audible como un murmullo.
45Se escucha un discurso fuerte pero no audible.
50Sonidos fuertes que se escuchan débilmente
60+Buena insonorización; la mayoría de los sonidos no molestan a los residentes vecinos.

Of course, the higher the better, but if you want to get to a 65+ rating then you probably will have to build a decoupled wall to eliminate as much sound as possible.

How much does each material improve the STC Rating (sound insulation)?

A typical interior wall with ½” of drywall on either side already has an STC rating of 34.

Installing fiberglass will increase the STC rating to 39, but so will open-cell spray foam. So, you could say that both fiberglass and open-cell, not closed-cell, perform exactly the same in terms of soundproofing.

Rockwool, on the other hand, performs exceptionally well increasing the STC rating to 45, which is a huge difference.

It is worth noting that closed-cell foam does also increase the STC rating, but only to 37 and at a higher cost.

Fibra de vidrio39
Espuma en aerosol39 para celda abierta 37 para celda cerrada
lana mineral de roca45

Potential pitfalls of Spray Foam (Fire Hazard)

Spray foam can ignite and burn if exposed to a sufficient heat source and therefore is considered to be combustible and should be handled accordingly. In addition to being flammable, this kind of spray foam has chemical properties that produce smoke when ignited, which can render occupants of a house unconscious and even lead to temporary blindness.

Spray foam, be it open- or closed cell, has a Flame Spread rating of 75, with Rockwool & fiberglass having one of 25, which means that it will spread fire to nearby combustibles much quicker, so keep that in mind as well.

Here’s a table with the flame spread rating of the different insulation materials typically used:

MaterialClasificación de propagación de llamaDesarrollo de humo
Espuma en aerosol75450
Lana Mineral (Lana De Roca)2550
Fibra de vidrio2550
Vinilo cargado en masa25250

Additional ways of soundproofing a wall

First of all, it’s worth noting that the insulation process needs to be done during the construction of the house, otherwise you would have to either tear down parts of the wall to be able to insulate it, or add a second wall (which is an option).

Instale dos capas de paneles de yeso

In order to keep sound out of a room you need to block it, not absorb it, since sound absorption will only do so much.

Instalar paneles de yeso es una de las formas más fáciles de agregar más masa a la pared, agregando efectivamente otra barrera que evita que pase el sonido.

Una hoja de paneles de yeso ya le proporcionará una reducción significativa del ruido, pero la mejor manera de hacerlo es instalar dos capas de paneles de yeso de 5/8.

Additionally, you should consider putting a noiseproofing compound between the two layers, which will create a slight air pocket to further increase the insulation.

Hacer esto debería darle un STC aproximado de 35 o 40. En otras palabras, reducirá el ruido que se permite a través de la pared en aproximadamente 35 dB a 40 dB, lo que significa que el habla fuerte, por ejemplo, será audible pero ininteligible.

Construya un panel de yeso de 2 capas desacoplado

Una cosa que quizás no sepa es que las estructuras en su pared, como los montantes, ayudan a transmitir el sonido y la vibración, y la instalación de paneles de yeso en ellas transmitirá todo ese sonido al propio panel de yeso.

The way to approach this is by building a second wall and leaving an air gap between it and the previous wall which will then be filled with fiberglass or rockwool, and THEN installing two sheets of drywall (again, using the same noiseproofing compound between the sheets).

The way to really decouple the new wall from the original studs varies depending on the approach, for example; You could build double stud walls where the studs from one wall don’t contact the other ones, you could stagger them, and there even are systems you can buy which you install on the original studs and they will lower the noise transmission to the drywall be decoupling it.

No entraré en más detalles porque no pertenece al tema que nos ocupa, pero si desea una descripción completa de cómo funciona el desacoplamiento, mira esta publicación.


Open-cell spray foam is a good soundproofing material since it’s filled with air pockets, just like fiberglass and rockwool.

Not only that, but it’s very ease and quick to install, and since it expands it will cover the entire surface in no time.

The truth is that you can go either way, and if you want to use fiberglass or rockwool, you can. But open-cell foam does get the job done as well.

Last Updated on febrero 18, 2022 by facundo

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